Climate challenge

The Mediterranean basin is a climate change “hot spot”. The latest scientific publications show the trends observed over the past five decades are likely to continue which will mean, by the end of the century:

  • a rise in average temperatures of 3 to 5°C;
  • a decrease in precipitation of 35% on the southern and eastern shores and of 25% on the northern shore;
  • a average rise in sea level of 20 to 60 cm.

Public stakeholders, members of the private sector and NGOs must take action and developing solutions to adapt to serious consequences in human and socio-economic terms the Mediterranean regions to the changing climate including : depleted water resources, accelerated desertification, increased mortality due to heat waves, and greater coastal risks, etc.

Coastal areas

Set up Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) to fight against:
  • increased risk of erosion and coastal low areas flooding (especially deltas)
  • risk of coastal aquifers salinization
  • depletion of halieutic resources

Urban areas

Frame urban expansion for resilient and sustainable cities in order to:

  • reduce urban heat islands, and its consequences on health and energy consumption regarding air conditioning
  • mitigate the decrease in the availability of city water resources
  • limit the impact of heavy rainfall / flooding runoff in a context of growing artificial soil

 

Rural areas

Engage an energy transition towards a sustainable agriculture able to ensure food  security without compromising the long-term water and soil resources availability to:

  • struggle against decrease in water availability for irrigation and for natural environment and ecosystems (wetlands, etc.)
  • reduce soil desertification
  • mitigate forest fires risks